A Neuro-Oncologist is a doctor with special training for the diagnosis and medical treatment of tumors of the nervous system. Neuro-Oncologists are either neurologists with subspecialty training in oncology or, vice versa, oncologists with subspecialty training in brain tumors.
New imaging technologies have revolutionized both brain tumor surgery and radiation therapy. The Yale Brain Tumor Center Group is skilled in such techniques as positron emission tomography (PET), Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and MR spectroscopy
Surgery is usually required to establish the diagnosis of a brain tumor. It is also provided to alleviate symptoms of bleeding, spinal fluid flow obstruction, or to halt tumor-associated seizure activity.
Radiation therapy is commonly used to treat brain tumors. Some, such as germinomas can be cured and others such as malignant gliomas are slowed in their progression. The target for radiation-induced cell death is the genetic information within the cell, the DNA molecule.
The neuropathologist plays a crucial role in the care of patients with cancer of the brain. Neuropathologists examine the tumor tissue removed by the neurosurgeon in the operating room.